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To ask the Scottish Government what the infant mortality rate was in (a) 1999 and (b) 2014; what information it has how this compares with (i) 1953 and (ii) 1979, and how this compares with international statistics.


Answered by Maureen Watt (03/09/2015):

The majority of the information that was requested is published annually by National Records of Scotland in its vital events reference tables.

The infant death rates for Scotland for 1979, 1999 and 2014, and the annual average for the five years 1951-55 (which indicates the approximate level in 1953) are as follows:

Table 4.2: Stillbirth1, perinatal, neonatal, postneonatal and infant death rates, Scotland, 1946 to 2014 (both sexes)

Year

Rates per 1,000 births (live and still)

Rates per 1,000 live births

Stillbirths

Perinatal deaths

Stillbirths and neonatal deaths

Neonatal deaths

Postneonatal deaths

Infant deaths

1946-50

29.2

48.3

54.6

26.1

21.2

47.3

1951-55

25.5

42.4

45.7

20.7

12.2

32.9

1956-60

22.8

38.8

41.4

19.0

8.9

27.9

1961-65

19.1

33.6

35.8

17.0

8.0

25.0

1966-70

15

26.6

28.5

13.8

7.4

21.2

1971-75

12.3

23

24.8

12.7

6.2

18.8

1976-80

8

15.8

17.2

9.3

4.4

13.7

1981-85

5.8

10.9

12.1

6.3

4.1

10.5

1986-90

5.3

9.1

10

4.7

3.7

8.4

1991-95

6.0 (4.9)

9.2 (8.1)

10.2 (9.1)

4.2

2.4

6.6

1996-2000

5.7 (4.3)

8.4 (7.0)

9.3 (7.9)

3.6

2.0

5.6

2001-05

5.6 (4.4)

8.0 (6.8)

9.0 (7.7)

3.4

1.8

5.2

2006-10

5.3 (4.0)

7.4 (6.1)

8.2 (6.9)

2.9

1.3

4.2

1971

13.1

24.5

26.8

13.5

6.4

19.9

1972

13.2

23.7

25.5

12.4

6.4

18.8

1973

11.6

22.5

24.1

12.7

6.3

19.0

1974

12.0

22.8

24.6

12.8

6.1

18.9

1975

11.1

21.1

22.8

11.8

5.4

17.2

1976

9.6

18.3

19.8

10.3

4.5

14.8

1977

8.8

18.3

20.0

11.3

4.8

16.1

1978

8.1

15.4

16.8

8.8

4.1

12.9

1979

6.9

14.1

15.5

8.7

4.2

12.8

1980

6.7

13.1

14.4

7.8

4.3

12.1

1981

6.3

11.6

13.1

6.9

4.4

11.3

1982

5.8

11.5

12.9

7.1

4.2

11.4

1983

5.8

10.6

11.6

5.8

4.1

9.9

1984

5.8

11.0

12.1

6.4

3.9

10.3

1985

5.5

9.8

10.9

5.5

3.9

9.4

1986

5.8

10.2

11.0

5.2

3.6

8.8

1987

5.1

8.9

9.8

4.7

3.8

8.5

1988

5.4

8.9

9.9

4.5

3.7

8.2

1989

5.0

8.7

9.7

4.7

4.0

8.7

1990

5.3

8.7

9.6

4.4

3.3

7.7

1991

5.5

8.6

9.8

4.4

2.7

7.1

1992

5.4 (4.9)

9.0 (8.5)

10.0 (9.4)

4.6

2.2

6.8

1993

6.4 (4.8)

9.6 (8.0)

10.4 (8.8)

4.0

2.5

6.5

1994

6.1 (4.5)

9.0 (7.4)

10.1 (8.5)

4.0

2.2

6.2

1995

6.6 (4.9)

9.6 (7.9)

10.6 (8.9)

4.0

2.2

6.2

1996

6.4 (5.0)

9.2 (7.9)

10.3 (8.9)

3.9

2.2

6.2

1997

5.3 (4.1)

7.8 (6.6)

8.5 (7.3)

3.2

2.1

5.3

1998

6.1 (4.5)

8.7 (7.2)

9.7 (8.1)

3.6

2.0

5.6

1999

5.2 (4.0)

7.6 (6.4)

8.4 (7.3)

3.3

1.7

5.0

2000

5.6 (4.0)

8.4 (6.8)

9.6 (8.0)

4.0

1.8

5.7

2001

5.7 (4.6)

8.5 (7.4)

9.5 (8.4)

3.8

1.7

5.5

2002

5.4 (4.2)

7.6 (6.4)

8.6 (7.4)

3.2

2.1

5.3

2003

5.6 (4.5)

8.0 (6.9)

9.0 (7.9)

3.4

1.7

5.1

2004

5.8 (4.4)

8.1 (6.7)

8.9 (7.5)

3.1

1.9

4.9

2005

5.3 (4.1)

7.7 (6.5)

8.8 (7.6)

3.5

1.7

5.2

2006

5.3 (4.0)

7.4 (6.2)

8.4 (7.1)

3.1

1.4

4.5

2007

5.6 (4.1)

7.8 (6.4)

8.9 (7.4)

3.3

1.5

4.7

2008

5.4 (4.3)

7.4 (6.4)

8.2 (7.1)

2.8

1.4

4.2

2009

5.3 (4.0)

7.4 (6.0)

8.1 (6.8)

2.8

1.2

4.0

2010

4.9 (3.6)

6.9 (5.6)

7.5 (6.1)

2.6

1.2

3.7

2011

5.1 (3.8)

6.9 (5.6)

7.8 (6.5)

2.7

1.3

4.1

2012

4.7 (3.7)

6.5 (5.5)

7.2 (6.2)

2.6

1.2

3.7

2013

4.2 (3.2)

5.8 (4.8)

6.5 (5.5)

2.3

1.0

3.3

2014

4.0 (3.1)

5.9 (4.9)

6.4 (5.5)

2.4

1.2

3.6

Notes:

1. The Still-Birth (Definition) Act 1992 re-defined stillbirths, from 1 October 1992, to include losses between 24 and 27 weeks gestation. This table is based on all stillbirths registered during the year. The rates in brackets are based on stillbirths with a gestation period of 28 weeks and over.

2. Includes any cases for which the sex was not known.

Infant death rates for Scotland, and for each of the countries in the European Union, and for four other European countries are as follows:

Table 1.6: International populations and vital statistics rates, selected countries, latest available figures

Country

Estimated population 2014 ('000s)

Live births

Stillbirths1

Infant deaths

Deaths

Marriages

Year

Rate2

Year

Rate3

Year

Rate4

Year

Rate2

Year

Rate2

Scotland

5,348

2014

10.3

2014

4.0

2014

3.6

2014

10.1

2014

5.4

European Union

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

8,507

2013

9.4

2013

3.4

2013

3.1

2014

9.2

2013

4.3

Belgium

11,204

2013

11.2

2010

4.9

2013

3.5

2014

9.3

2012

3.8

Bulgaria

7,246

2013

9.2

2013

7.2

2013

7.3

2014

15.1

2013

3.0

Croatia5

4,247

2013

9.4

2013

3.6

2013

4.1

2014

12.0

2013

4.5

Cyprus

858

2013

10.8

2007

3.1

2013

1.6

2014

6.2

2013

6.4

Czech Republic

10,512

2013

10.2

2013

2.5

2013

2.5

2014

10.0

2013

4.1

Denmark

5,627

2013

10.0

2012

3.7

2013

3.5

2014

9.1

2013

4.9

Estonia

1,316

2013

10.3

2013

2.2

2013

2.1

2014

11.8

2013

4.3

Finland

5,451

2013

10.7

2013

1.8

2013

1.8

2014

9.6

2013

4.6

France

65,836

2013

12.4

2010

10.4

2013

3.6

2014

8.4

2012

3.7

Germany

80,767

2013

8.5

2013

3.7

2013

3.3

2014

10.8

2013

4.6

Greece

10,904

2013

8.6

2013

3.2

2013

3.7

2014

10.5

2013

4.7

Hungary

9,877

2013

9.0

2013

4.4

2013

5.0

2014

12.8

2013

3.7

Irish Republic

4,606

2013

15.0

2011

2.8

2013

3.5

2014

6.4

2012

4.5

Italy

60,783

2013

8.5

2012

2.7

2013

2.9

2014

9.8

2013

3.2

Latvia

2,001

2013

10.2

2013

3.9

2013

4.4

2014

14.3

2013

5.7

Lithuania

2,943

2013

10.1

2013

4.8

2013

3.7

2014

13.7

2013

6.9

Luxembourg

550

2013

11.3

2013

5.4

2013

3.9

2014

6.9

2013

3.2

Malta

425

2013

9.5

2011

4.3

2013

6.7

2014

7.7

2013

6.1

Netherlands

16,829

2013

10.2

2012

3.4

2013

3.8

2014

8.3

2013

3.8

Poland

38,018

2013

9.7

2013

2.7

2013

4.6

2014

10.1

2013

4.7

Portugal

10,427

2013

7.9

2013

2.2

2013

2.9

2014

10.1

2013

3.1

Romania

19,947

2013

9.1

2013

4.2

2013

9.2

2014

12.7

2013

5.4

Slovakia

5,416

2013

10.1

2012

3.2

2013

5.5

2014

9.5

2013

4.7

Slovenia

2,061

2013

10.2

2012

2.3

2013

2.9

2014

9.2

2013

3.0

Spain

46,512

2013

9.1

2013

2.3

2013

2.7

2014

8.5

2013

3.3

Sweden

9,645

2013

11.8

2013

3.9

2013

2.7

2014

9.2

2013

5.4

United Kingdom

64,308

2013

12.1

2013

4.6

2013

3.9

2014

8.8

2012

4.7

Other Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Macedonia

2,066

2013

11.2

2013

8.4

2013

10.2

2014

9.5

2013

6.8

Norway

5,108

2013

11.6

2013

2.9

2013

2.4

2014

7.9

2013

4.7

Switzerland

8,140

2013

10.2

2012

4.2

2013

3.9

2014

7.8

2013

4.9

Turkey

76,668

2013

16.8

2010

8.8

2013

10.8

2014

5.1

2013

7.9

Notes:

1. The definition of a stillbirth varies from country to country and over time. For the UK position refer to vital events reference tables Notes and Definitions.

2. Rate per 1,000 live and stillbirths.

3. Rate per 1,000 live births

4. Rate per 1,000 live births.

5. Croatia joined the EU on 1 July 2013. For simplicity, Croatia has been counted under ‘European Union’ in this table regardless of when the event was registered. Therefore, the figures for ‘European Union’ will include people from Croatia who were involved in events that were registered between January and June 2013.

Sources: Eurostat, Office for National Statistics


Current Status: Answered by Maureen Watt on 03/09/2015
 
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