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Land Day Palestinians Right to Return

That the Parliament notes with deep concern reports of 17 people being killed and hundreds injured by Israeli forces during the Land Day protest on 30 March 2018 at the barrier that separates Gaza and Israel; understands that Israeli forces fired live ammunition at protesters, who had set up camp to mark the beginning of a six-week sit-in to commemorate those killed for protesting against the Israeli Government’s confiscation of large swathes of Palestinian land on 30 March 1976, and urges the international community to support the calls from the UN Secretary General and the EU for an independent and transparent investigation into the actions of the Israeli Government and what it sees as the excessive use of force on Palestinian civilians, who it considers have a right to peaceful protest.

Supported by: Bob Doris, Ash Denham, Ruth Maguire, James Dornan, Ivan McKee, Joan McAlpine, Pauline McNeill, Christina McKelvie, David Torrance, Ben Macpherson, John Finnie, Stuart McMillan, Bill Kidd, Fulton MacGregor, Jenny Gilruth, Neil Findlay, Mark Ruskell, Tom Arthur, Gillian Martin, Christine Grahame, Claudia Beamish

Funding Cut to UN Relief and Works Agency

That the Parliament is appalled by the reported announcement by the United States Government that it is to cut its funding for the UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) by more than half; believes that this decision threatens the security of millions of Palestinian refugees, including those in need of emergency food assistance and other support in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank and Gaza; is concerned that this will also impact on Palestinian refugees' access to primary health care and the right to education of 525,000 boys and girls in 700 UNRWA schools, and calls on the UK Government to reaffirm the UK's support for UNRWA, to ask the UN Secretary General to convene a special conference to develop new funding alliances to secure the future of UNRWA, to urgently make representations to the World Bank and IDB Trust Fund to consider the case for supporting UNRWA, and to promote the public appeal for funds that UNRWA has launched.

Supported by: Rona Mackay, Ash Denham, Clare Haughey, Sandra White, Bill Kidd, Clare Adamson, David Torrance, Stuart McMillan, Richard Lyle, Richard Lochhead, Emma Harper, Fulton MacGregor, John Finnie, Ben Macpherson

Avera Mangistu and Hisham al-Sayed

That the Parliament notes with concern the cases of Avera Mangistu and Hisham al-Sayed, who are two Israeli men with reported serious mental health conditions who are believed to be being held incommunicado in Gaza; understands that they crossed separately into the Gaza Strip in 2014 and 2015 where they are believed to being held by the Hamas military wing; calls on the Hamas leadership to divulge without delay the whereabouts of Mangistu and al-Sayed; is aware that currently Hamas will not disclose any information, even to confirm their detention, and considers that, with Human Rights Day recently being marked, there is a need to hold all governments universally accountable for the protection of the rights of the individual rather than adopting what it sees as an à la carte approach that is based on people's own prejudices.

Supported by: Liz Smith, Miles Briggs, Alexander Stewart, Tom Mason, Jeremy Balfour, Margaret Mitchell, Murdo Fraser, Edward Mountain, Bill Bowman, Alison Harris, Annie Wells, Rachael Hamilton, Richard Lyle

Current Status: Fallen on 13/03/2018
Legacy of the Balfour Declaration 100 Years On

As an amendment to motion S5M-08599 in the name of Sandra White (Legacy of the Balfour Declaration 100 Years On), leave out from ""; notes the reported" to end and insert "or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country'; believes that the highest aims of the Balfour Declaration have been achieved on this its 100th anniversary; pays tribute to the memory of Arthur James Balfour and believes that his declaration is symbolic of Scotland and Israel's historic ties, which it considers should be built upon in this centenary year; highlights what it sees as the importance given to minority rights in democratic Israel, with the country's declaration of independence granting 'all Israel’s inhabitants equality of social and political rights irrespective of religion, race or gender'; considers that this is symbolised by the growth of the Arab-Israeli population, which saw 200,000 Arabs who did not flee during the 1948 War of Independence being absorbed into Israeli society as equal citizens and whose descendants make up Israel’s 1.7 million-strong Arab minority today; contrasts this to what it understands was the expulsion of over 800,000 Jews from countries in the Middle East and North Africa following the UN decision to partition Palestine into Jewish and Arab states in 1947; further contrasts this to the treatment of minorities, especially Christians, in neighbouring Middle Eastern countries, which have been reported as having seen their populations fall since 1948; believes that, thanks to protection for minorities guaranteed under the Israeli declaration of independence, Israel's Christian population has grown significantly; challenges the proposition that Gaza is under so-called military occupation, given that the then Israeli Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon, unilaterally withdrew the Israeli Defence Force and forcibly removed Israeli citizens living in Gaza in 2005; takes the view that the terrorist actions of Hamas have brought misery on ordinary Gazans who face military incursion as Israel, like any other country, takes what it sees as robust action to defend its citizens from indiscriminate terror; expresses concern that the Hamas regime has  continued to govern without further elections since 2006; calls on supporters of the Palestinians and others to speak up against what it believes has been the abuse of their human rights by a notably corrupt Hamas leadership; trusts that the centenary of the Balfour Declaration will be commemorated and celebrated as a key moment in the creation of Israel, and acknowledges and pays tribute to its Scottish author, Lord Balfour."

Supported by: Miles Briggs, Jeremy Balfour, Liz Smith, Alexander Stewart, Peter Chapman, Tom Mason, Michelle Ballantyne, Richard Lyle, Alison Harris, Adam Tomkins R, Margaret Mitchell, Jamie Greene, Maurice Corry, Murdo Fraser, Kenneth Gibson, Annie Wells, Dean Lockhart, Rachael Hamilton, Bill Bowman, Maurice Golden

Current Status: Fallen on 24/01/2018
Legacy of the Balfour Declaration 100 Years On

That the Parliament recognises the 100-year anniversary of the Balfour Declaration, which proclaimed “the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people” on the explicit understanding that “nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine”; notes the reported continued criticism of the UK Government and what it considers its reneging on the promise given in the Balfour Declaration to the Palestinians who are today under military occupation in Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem, preventing them from exercising their inalienable right to self-determination; considers that, since the Balfour Declaration, Palestinians are dispossessed, oppressed in their own land, refugees in neighbouring countries or scattered throughout the world, and calls on the UK Government to recognise immediately the State of Palestine, uphold rigorously the Geneva Conventions, which Britain co-wrote and ratified after the Second World War, and give practical effect to the relevant UN Security Council Resolutions, the Arab Peace Initiative and the Quartet Roadmap.

Supported by: Claudia Beamish, John Finnie, Ivan McKee, Neil Findlay, Pauline McNeill, Ross Greer, Clare Haughey, Jenny Gilruth, Bob Doris, David Torrance, Christine Grahame

Current Status: Fallen on 24/01/2018
Palestinian Cancer Patients Delay in Treatment

That the Parliament acknowledges the recent report from Physicians for Human Rights-Israel (PHR-I), an organisation that works to promote a society where the right to health is granted equally to all people, which indicates that women cancer patients from the Gaza Strip have been waiting on average up to 6 months for urgent medical treatment, which they can only receive in Israel; understands that the longest delay has been eight months in the case of a 28-year-old mother of four, who has bone-marrow cancer and a possible spleen tumour, while two other women with breast cancer, aged 44 and 51, have been delayed for more than half a year each while the Israeli authorities, who process their permit applications, refuse to respond to queries regarding those cases; further understands that PHR-I has reported that, over the past year, delays in the response of Israeli authorities to Palestinians’ applications to exit Gaza for medical treatment in Israel and elsewhere have become a critical obstacle that denies hundreds of patients each month access to medical treatment that is unavailable to them in Gaza; acknowledges PHR-I's frustration with the bureaucratic system, which it considers is putting Palestinian lives at risks, and calls on the Israeli authorities to allow the entry of women cancer patients into Israel without delay.

Supported by: Bill Kidd, Neil Findlay, Rona Mackay, Clare Adamson, Maree Todd, Ivan McKee

Current Status: Fallen on 24/01/2018
Save the Children, Gaza’s Children Spend Eid in the Dark

That the Parliament notes that, in 2012, a UN report stated that Gaza would be unlivable by 2020; acknowledges, however, recent comments by Save the Children that Gaza is unlivable now; understands that Save the Children has urged Israel to lift the Gaza blockade and for the Palestinian and Israeli authorities to provide basic services to the residents of Gaza; believes that the international community has failed to react to the suffering of Palestinian children in Gaza; considers that a decade of isolation has reduced power available to households to just eight hours a day, with many families getting only two hours of electricity per day and others getting none, and that these power shortages are also affecting Gaza’s already crippled infrastructure; understands that the shortening or suspensions of sewage treatment cycles has led to increased levels of pollution and contamination of groundwater sources and the Mediterranean sea, leaving more than 60% of the sea around Gaza contaminated with untreated sewage and over 90% of water sources too contaminated for human consumption, and calls on the international community to respond to what it considers this humanitarian catastrophe.

Supported by: Ross Greer, Patrick Harvie, Christine Grahame, Sandra White, Rona Mackay, Bill Kidd, Ivan McKee, James Dornan, Alex Rowley, Maree Todd, Ben Macpherson, Neil Findlay, Alison Johnstone

Current Status: Fallen on 29/11/2017
Palestinian Authority Terrorist Salaries

That the Parliament condemns the ongoing payments by the Palestinian Authority to terror prisoners in Israeli prisons and to the so-called families of martyrs; understands that these monthly salaries are paid to around 5,500 convicted terrorists, ranging from £230 to as much as £2,000 for those serving 30-year sentences; believes that prisoner salaries directly reward terrorists who have killed Israelis, with higher salaries given to those who have killed more Israelis; understands that in 2016 the Palestinian Authority paid £254 million for this practice, worth 7% of its budget and 20% of its foreign aid receipts; further understands that analysis of the authority's Finance Ministry budget for 2017 shows that expenditure on such payments will rise 13%; believes that in April 2017 the authority announced that it was cutting salaries to state employees in Gaza, while at the same time allowing the salaries it pays to terror prisoners to continue, and calls on the UK and Scottish governments, working alongside the international community, to ensure that taxpayers' money is not used to comfort those who have brought death and despair to all creeds of Scottish Israelis and Israelis more generally.

Supported by: Liam Kerr, Jeremy Balfour, Alexander Stewart, Peter Chapman, Miles Briggs, Tom Mason, Liz Smith, Alison Harris, Jamie Greene, Rachael Hamilton, Murdo Fraser, Michelle Ballantyne

Current Status: Fallen on 29/11/2017
Hamas-Fatah Rivalry Killing Palestinians

As an amendment to motion S5M-06576 in the name of Jackson Carlaw (Hamas-Fatah Rivalry Killing Palestinians), leave out from "that the Hamas-Fatah feud" to end and insert "of recent preventable deaths in the Gaza Strip, including the deaths of three Palestinian babies; understands that these babies and other patients could not be treated in Gaza, where the healthcare system is, it believes, under extreme duress due to the Israeli blockade, which prevents medical equipment from reaching hospitals; considers that responsibility for approving permits for Palestinian patients needing to leave Gaza for medical appointments rests solely with the Israeli authorities; understands that the World Health Organization found that, in May 2017, this approval rate had dropped to its lowest in seven years; considers that Israel’s restrictions on access to and from Gaza go far beyond what is permitted by international humanitarian law and human rights law, and calls on the Israeli Government to honour what it believes is the requirement, under the law of occupation as codified in Article 43 of the Hague Regulations, to permit the proper functioning of civil society and its obligations to respect the human rights of Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank."

Supported by: Jenny Gilruth, Ross Greer, Rona Mackay, Clare Haughey, Sandra White, Fulton MacGregor

Current Status: Fallen on 29/11/2017
Internal Palestinian Dispute Halts Fuel Shipments to Gaza

That the Parliament notes with concern reports that a feud between Fatah and Hamas continues, it believes, to cause suffering for Palestinians; understands that the only power plant in Gaza has largely shut down because of the reported halting of fuel shipments to the territory, and that Gazans now only have 90 megawatts of power available according to Gisha, an Israeli NGO; is concerned that this covers barely one fifth of demand from almost two million people, particularly in the hot and humid summer months; understands that residents say that they are getting less than three hours of power at a time, followed by blackouts that stretch up to 16 hours; believes that Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestinian Authority and member of Fatah, has now barred Palestinian banks from transferring money to Egypt to pay for fuel; understands that Egypt has tried to compensate for the reduction of electricity to Gaza by sending large fuel shipments to the area, and calls for all parties to work together to improve the lives of Gazans rather than blaming Israel for what it believes are their own misdeeds.

Supported by: Alison Harris, Bill Bowman, Jeremy Balfour, Alexander Stewart, Tom Mason, Miles Briggs, Dean Lockhart, Richard Lyle, Edward Mountain, Liz Smith, Peter Chapman, Annie Wells, Rachael Hamilton

Current Status: Fallen on 29/11/2017